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Chick Care 101: A Beginner's Guide to Raising Healthy and Happy Chicks

Updated: Aug 11, 2023

By: The Silkie Farm

If you're new to raising chicks, you may be wondering where to start and how to ensure their health and well-being. In this blog post, we'll provide you with a beginner's guide to chick care, covering the essential aspects of raising healthy and happy chicks.


1. Brooder Setup: Before bringing your chicks home, you'll need to set up a brooder—a warm and safe environment for them to grow. A brooder can be a large cardboard box or a plastic tub lined with bedding material such as pine shavings or straw. Make sure the brooder is draft-free and provides enough space for the chicks to move around comfortably.


2. Heat Source: Chicks require a consistent heat source to maintain their body temperature. A heat lamp or a brooder heater can be used to provide warmth. The temperature should be around 95°F (35°C) for the first week and gradually reduced by 5°F (2.8°C) each week until they are fully feathered. Use a thermometer to monitor the temperature and adjust the heat source accordingly.


3. Bedding: Choose a suitable bedding material for the brooder. Pine shavings or straw are commonly used as they provide good insulation and absorb moisture. Avoid using cedar shavings, as they can be harmful to chicks. Keep the bedding clean and dry to prevent bacterial growth and maintain a healthy environment.


4. Feeding: Chicks require a balanced diet to support their growth and development. Start with a high-quality chick starter feed that contains the necessary nutrients. Provide fresh water in a shallow dish or a chick waterer. Make sure the water is clean and easily accessible to the chicks. You can also add a small amount of sugar or electrolytes to the water for the first few days to provide an energy boost.


5. Lighting: Chicks need a consistent light source to establish a day-night cycle. Provide 24 hours of light for the first few days, then gradually reduce it to 16 hours of light and 8 hours of darkness. This helps regulate their sleep patterns and promotes healthy growth.


6. Socialization: Chicks are social creatures and benefit from interaction with their flockmates and humans. Spend time with your chicks, gently handling and talking to them. This helps them become accustomed to human presence and promotes their social development.


7. Health and Hygiene: Regularly monitor your chicks for any signs of illness or distress. Common health issues in chicks include pasty butt (blockage of the vent), respiratory infections, and leg problems. Keep the brooder clean by regularly removing soiled bedding and providing fresh bedding. Good hygiene practices, such as washing your hands before and after handling chicks, help prevent the spread of diseases.


8. Gradual Transition: As your chicks grow and develop feathers, they will eventually outgrow the brooder. Plan for a gradual transition to an outdoor coop or a larger space. Introduce them to the new environment gradually, allowing them time to adjust and explore their surroundings.


Remember, raising chicks requires patience, care, and attention. By providing a suitable brooder setup, proper nutrition, socialization, and regular health monitoring, you can ensure that your chicks grow into healthy and happy adult chickens. Enjoy the journey of raising these adorable creatures and the rewards they bring to your backyard flock.



Caring for baby chicks requires love, devotion, and time. Lots of time. We hope we got your flock off on the right foot and that our caring for chicks tips were helpful.

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